Parses a string into a timestamp.

This function is important for creating parsers, as it is used to parse the timestamp for an incoming event.

addErrorsbooleanoptional[a]true Whether to add an error field to the event, if it was not possible to find a timestamp.
asstringoptional[a]@timestamp Name of output field that will contain the parsed timestamp. The timestamp is represented as milliseconds since 1970 in UTC. LogScale expects to find the timestamp in the field @timestamp, so do not change this when creating parsers.
caseSensitivebooleanoptional[a]true Whether the timestamp format pattern is case sensitive. For example, the format LLL will accept Feb but not feb in case sensitive mode, while both will be accepted in case insensitive mode.
  Valid Values
   falsePattern is not case sensitive
   truePattern is case sensitive
fieldstringrequired  The field holding the timestamp to be parsed.
format[b]stringoptional[a]yyyy-MM-dd'T'HH:mm:ss[.SSS]XXX Pattern used to parse the timestamp. Either a format string as specified in Java's DateTimeFormatter, or one of the special format specifiers (these specifiers are not case-sensitive, that is, MilliSeconds works as well).
  Valid Values
   millisEpoch time in milliseconds (UTC)
   millisecondsEpoch time in milliseconds (UTC)
   nanosEpoch time in nanoseconds (UTC)
   secondsEpoch time in seconds (UTC)
   unixTimeMillisEpoch time in milliseconds (UTC)
   unixTimeSecondsEpoch time in seconds (UTC)
   unixtimeEpoch time in seconds (UTC)
timezonestringoptional[a]  If the timestamp does not contain a timezone, it can be specified using this parameter. Example are Europe/London, America/New_York and UTC. See the full list of timezones supported by LogScale at Supported Timezones.
timezoneAsstringoptional[a]@timezone Name of output field that will contain the parsed timezone. LogScale expects to find the timezone in the field @timezone , so do not change when creating parsers.

[a] Optional parameters use their default value unless explicitly set

[b] The argument name format can be omitted.

Omitted Argument Names

The argument name for format can be omitted; the following forms of this function are equivalent:




These examples show basic structure only; full examples are provided below.

Before parsing the timestamp, the part of the log containing the timestamp should have been captured in af field. Typically this is done during parsing, but can extract during queries using functions like regex() and parseJson() before parseTimestamp().

The parseTimestamp() function formats times using a subset of Java's DateTimeFormatter. The formats listed in the LogScale Date/Time format table are supported by LogScale.

LogScale also supports some special format strings like seconds, milliseconds, and unixtime (see in table below the description of the format parameter for a full list of options).

  • unixtimeMillis UTC time since 1970 in milliseconds

  • unixtime UTC time since 1970 in seconds

For the special formats that specify seconds (that is seconds, unixtime, and unixtimeseconds), the function also supports specifying milliseconds using floating point numbers.

For example, 1690480444.589 means 2023-07-27 19:54:04 and 589 milliseconds.

LogScale can also parse timestamps that use nanosecond precision, the nanosecond component will be extracted during the process. For example:

nanos := 1451606399999998965

Would extract 2024-03-07 12:04:14 and 547998965 nanoseconds.

If the timestamp is parsed it will create a field @timestamp containing the parsed timestamp in UTC milliseconds and a @timezone field containing the original timezone.

It is possible to parse time formats leaving out the year designator as is sometime seen in time formats from Syslog. For example Mar 15 07:48:13 can be parsed using the format MM d HH:mm:ss. In this case LogScale will guess the year.

Extract a timestamp that is using millisecond precision embedded in a JSON value:

parseJson() | parseTimestamp("millis", field=timestamp)

Events having a timestamp in ISO8601 format can be parsed using the default format:

expiryTime := "2018-09-08 17:51:04.777"

An example is a timestamp like 2017-12-18T20:39:35Z:

| parseTimestamp(field=timestamp)

Parse timestamps in an accesslog where the timestamp includes an explicit timezone offset like [02/Apr/2014:16:29:32 +0200] GET /hello/test/123 ...

/(?<client>\S+) \[(?<@timestamp>.+)\] (?<method>\S+) (?<url>\S+)/
| parseTimestamp("dd/MMM/yyyy:HH:mm:ss Z", field=timestamp)

When parsing a timestamp without a timezone like 2015-12-18T20:39:35 you should declare to LogScale what timezone a given time should be located:

parseTimestamp("yyyy-MM-dd'T'HH:mm:ss", field=timestamp, timezone="America/New_York")

Parse an event with a timestamp not containing year, like Feb 9 12:22:44 hello world

| parseTimestamp("MMM [ ]d HH:mm:ss", field=timestamp, timezone="Europe/London")