Split an event structure created by json array into distinct events. When Humio ingests JSON arrays, each array entry is turned into a separate attributes named [0], [1], ... This function takes such an event and splits it into multiple events based on the prefix of such [N] attributes, allowing for aggregate functions across array values. It is not very efficient, so it should only be used after some aggressive filtering.

ParameterTypeRequiredDefaultDescription
fieldstringfalse_eventsField to split by. [a]
stripbooleanfalsefalseStrip the field prefix when splitting (default is false).

[a] When you provide only one parameter, the implied parameter is field

Examples

In GitHub events, a PushEvent contains an array of commits, and each commit gets expanded into subattributes of payload.commit_0, payload.commit_1, .... Humio cannot sum/count, etc across such attributes. Split expands each PushEvent into one PushEvent for each commit so they can be counted.

humio
type=PushEvent | split(payload.commits) | groupby(payload.commits.author.email) | sort()

There might be a case where your parser is receiving JSON events in a JSON array, as in:

JSON
[
  {"exampleField": "value"},
  {"exampleField": "value2"}
]

In this case, your @rawstring text contains this full array, but each record in the array is actually an event in itself, and you would like to split them out.

First you need to call parseJson(), but when @rawstring contains an array, the parseJson() function doesn’t assign names to the fields automatically, it only assigns indexes. In other words, calling parseJson() adds fields named something like [0].exampleField, [1].exampleField, etc. to the current event.

Since split() needs a field name to operate on before it reads indexes, it seems like we can’t pass it anything here. But we can tell split() to look for the empty field name by calling split(field="").

This means that parsing the above with:

humio
parseJson() | split(field="")

will produce two events, each with a field named exampleField.

Alternatively, we can tell parseJson() to add a prefix to all the fields, which can then use as the field name to split on:

humio
parseJson(prefix="example") | split(field="example")

Unfortunately this adds the example prefix to all fields on the new event we’ve split out, so you may prefer splitting on the empty field name to avoid that.